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What is a 1033 Exchange?

The 1033 Exchange is a Tool for Landowners Specifically Impacted by Local, State and Federal Public Works Projects such as: roadways, bridges, utility projects, interstate oil and gas pipelines, flood diversions and similar projects approved by a government entity that will or have impacted your property. If you are a landowner affected by these types of projects, we would like to introduce you to a powerful, yet little-known tool: The 1033 Exchange

Utility Line
Flood Diversions

The 1033 Exchange

This tool can not only be used in this current tax year, but may allow you to go back up to four years and recapture tax money you’ve already paid the IRS.

Across the country, the growth of infrastructure has been breathtaking. The long-term benefits of these new roads, pipelines and transmission lines will hopefully be worth the cost. However, in nearly all of these projects, it’s the local landowner who’s paying the biggest price today. He or she is usually helpless to prevent these projects from running right through their backyard; often across land that’s been in their family for generations.

Once the landowner has agreed to “just compensation” for the targeted property, he or she is often surprised to find the IRS knocking on the door asking for a share of these proceeds.

While enduring an oftentimes painstaking negotiation process, the landowner is left with two harsh realities:

  1. The taking of his or her private land.

  2. Forcing the landowner to pay capital gains tax on a sale he or she never asked for or wanted.

We’re here to help. While we can’t stop the project from taking your land, we can work with you to prevent the additional loss in the form of unnecessary taxes. The 1033 Exchange can defer current taxes, and even recapture capital gains taxes paid on money received up to four years ago.

If you find yourself in this situation, you generally have a few options, which may include:

  1. Pay the capital gains tax and use the remaining cash as you wish.

  2. Do a 1033 Exchange by buying a “like-kind” replacement property of equal or greater value to your proceeds. No capital gain tax is paid, but no remaining cash either.
  3. Do a 1033 Exchange using a DST (Delaware Statutory Trust) as your replacement property. No tax paid, and remaining cash dependent on amount of leverage utilized in the DST. (If you’ve already paid taxes on money received, you would invest in the DST, file an amended tax return and in 1-3 months, you’ll receive your money back from the IRS.)

In most cases, options 2 or 3 will be preferable to most people. If you do not have another piece of like-kind property to buy, or at a price you’re willing to pay, option 3 may be a perfect fit for you.

The IRS has allowed DST’s two big advantages when used in a 1033 Exchange:

  1. DST’s satisfy the “like-kind” requirement;

  2. DST’s are allowed to use leverage resulting in landowners deferring the entire taxable gain by investing only a portion of their proceeds.

Example: You have a $1M gain on a forced sale or easement, you invest $500K into a 50% “loan- to-value” DST. The DST uses financing to purchase an additional $500K of real estate in your name. Between the $500K you invested and the $500K of financing, you now own $1M of replacement property. This defers the entire $1M of capital gains. You have now deferred every penny of tax, $500K of cash in your pocket and a $500K real estate investment that’s designed to pay out a 5-7% annual cash flow.

*Hypothetical example for illustration purposes only. Actual results will vary.

DST properties are only available to accredited investors (generally described as having a net worth of over $1 million dollars exclusive of primary residence or $200,000 income individually/$300,000 jointly of the last three years) and accredited entities only. If you are unsure if you are an accredited investor and/or an accredited entity please verify with your CPA and Attorney. There are risks associated with investing in real estate and Delaware Statutory Trust (DST) properties including, but not limited to, loss of entire investment principal, declining market values, tenant vacancies and illiquidity. Potential cash flows/returns/appreciation are not guaranteed and could be lower than anticipated. The information herein, including hypothetical examples, has been prepared for educational purposes only and does not constitute an offer to purchase or sell securitized real estate investments. Because investors situations and objectives vary this information is not intended to indicate suitability for any particular investor. This material is not to be interpreted as tax or legal advice. Please speak with your own tax and legal advisors for advice/guidance regarding your particular situation.